CONGRATULATIONS TO THE WINNERS OF THE 2017 ACADEMIC WORLDQUEST CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH
FEBRUARY 12, 2017 AT BELMONT UNIVERSITY IN NASHVILLE
Teacher/coach Adam Brown
Check your global affairs awareness with these ten questions taken from the week’s news reports. Follow @TNWAC for #TNWACquiz news reports.
The only rule is to use the ‘honor system.’
Click on image for Quiz
Keep up with global current events by following the World Affairs Council on Twitter @TNWAC. #TNWACquiz
QUIZ WINNERS FROM LAST WEEK
Deanna Dailey, Huntville, AL
Nondi Walters, Suwanee, GA
Elaine Loughlin, Nashville, TN
Connie Ryan, Nashville, TN
Jocelyn Hartley, Nashville, TN
Charles Bowers, Brentwood, TN
The Big Stick: The Limits of Soft Power and the Necessity of Military Force
by Eliot A. Cohen
“Speak softly and carry a big stick” Theodore Roosevelt famously said in 1901, when the United States was emerging as a great power. It was the right sentiment, perhaps, in an age of imperial rivalry but today many Americans doubt the utility of their global military presence, thinking it outdated, unnecessary or even dangerous.
In The Big Stick, Eliot A. Cohen—a scholar and practitioner of international relations—disagrees. He argues that hard power remains essential for American foreign policy. While acknowledging that the US must be careful about why, when, and how it uses force, he insists that its international role is as critical as ever, and armed force is vital to that role.
Cohen explains that American leaders must learn to use hard power in new ways and for new circumstances. The rise of a well-armed China, Russia’s conquest of Crimea and eastern Ukraine, nuclear threats from North Korea and Iran, and the spread of radical Islamist movements like ISIS are some of the key threats to global peace. If the United States relinquishes its position as a strong but prudent military power, and fails to accept its role as the guardian of a stable world order we run the risk of unleashing disorder, violence and tyranny on a scale not seen since the 1930s. The US is still, as Madeleine Albright once dubbed it, “the indispensable nation.”
About the Author
Eliot A. Cohen is the Robert E. Osgood Professor of Strategic Studies at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). The prize-winning author of several books, including Conquered into Liberty, Cohen lives in the Washington, DC area.
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We’ll post the answers and the names of the winner(s) in next week’s quiz.
Here’s last week’s questions and answers:
WHAT IN THE WORLD? QUIZ
Week of Feb 5-11, 2017
1. President Trump’s January 27th immigration and refugee admission restrictions have run afoul of Federal courts with a San Francisco U.S. court denying the government’s request to stay the Friday order from a Seattle judge blocking the Executive Order. The Trump EO called for:
A. Permanent halt to admitting Syrian refugees.
B. 6-month travel ban on citizens of majority Muslim population countries.
C. 90-day travel ban on citizens from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen; and a 120-day ban on all refugees.
D. 120-day ban on citizens from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen; and a permanent ban on all refugees who fail guidelines for “extreme vetting.”
Correct: C. 90-day travel ban on citizens from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen; and a 120-day ban on all refugees.
2. In her first appearance at the UN Security Council US Ambassador Nikki Haley condemned Russia over its actions in Ukraine just as violence in the east of the country surged. Her comments were notable considering her boss, President Trump, said as a candidate in August that Putin and Russia had no plans to act in Ukraine despite having already annexed this region:
Correct: B. Crimea
3. This Trump Administration official is on travel in the Western Pacific region where he reaffirmed the U.S. alliance with Japan “for years to come.”
A. CIA Director Mike Pompeo
B. DNI Dan Coates
C. National Security Advisor Michael Flynn
D. Defense Secretary James Mattis
Correct: D. Defense Secretary James Mattis
4. Romanian protesters, up to 200,000 at one rally, took to the streets this week to oppose a decree passed Tuesday that would have:
A. Decriminalized abuses of power by government officials.
B. Allowed members of the former Romanian Communist Party to hold seats in parliament.
C. Approved a mutual defense treaty with the Russian Federation.
D. Permitted the government to end unrestricted entry of foreign refugees.
Correct: A. Decriminalized abuses of power by government officials.
5. The Trump Administration announced last week that it did not consider Israeli settlements in the West Bank as obstacles to peace but that “expansion of existing settlements beyond their current borders may not be helpful in achieving that goal.” The Obama Administration’s policy was that settlements hindered achievement of what goal:
A. Abdullah Peace Plan.
B. The Jerusalem Agreement.
C. Annexation of the West Bank.
D. Two-state solution.
Correct: D. Two-state solution
6. National Security Advisor Michael Flynn announced the United States had “put Iran on notice” concerning their behavior in the region especially in response to this particular activity:
A. Resumption of plutonium production at Arak.
B. Harassment of US Navy ships in the Strait of Hormuz.
C. Testing of surface-to-surface missiles.
D. Production of anti-ship cruise missiles.
Correct: C. Testing of surface-to-surface missiles.
7. The heads of European Union countries discussed how to engage the Trump Administration during the first meeting since the new president took office. One leader who recently met with President Trump offered to serve as a bridge between the EU and Washington. Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite, said the EU didn’t need a “bridge” that it could communicate via:
A. The rotational EU ambassador in Washington
C. Unilateral representation
D. Ambassadors to the United Nations
Correct: B. Twitter
8. The new Secretary of State was called a “complete amateur” by the Chinese government over remarks he made about being open for a meeting with the Dalai Lama, representing the Tibetan government in exile. The new Secretary of State is:
A. Peter Masterson
B. Rex Tillerson
C. James Mattis
D. Steven Mnuchin
Correct: B. Rex Tillerson
9. The leader of the Yemen branch of a terrorist organization was targeted in a U.S. commando attack last week that resulted in one Navy SEAL dead, other team members wounded and a number of bystanders killed, was a “painful blow” to President Trump at the “beginning of his journey.” That group is:
D. Al Qaeda in the Mahgreb
10. Pope Francis ended a spat with a Roman Catholic religious order and church dissidents last week when he called for the resignation of the leader of this group and installation of a papal delegate in his place.
A. Knights of Columbus
B. Order of Vichy
C. Opus Dei
D. Knights of Malta
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